Attacks on Pedestal from every quarter

13 August: Italian MAS (Motor Torpedo Boat) boat attacks: A DIDO class cruiser firing at night against Italian MAS boats.

13 August Italian MAS (Motor Torpedo Boat) Boat Attacks: A merchant ship abandoned and on fire after the MAS boat attacks.

The closer the convoy got to Siciliy the greater the opportunity for enemy attack – the larger covering force of aircraft carriers and battleships withdrew late on the 12th August and returned to Gibraltar.

In the early hours of the 13th the Pedestal convoy was attacked by a group of fifteen German and Italian motor torpedo boats. Later in the day over 60 Stukas attacked – one of which was shot down and crashed onto the tanker Ohio. Losses amongst the merchantmen now began to mount. Miraculously the oil tanker Ohio stayed afloat – just.

William Cheetham was on the destroyer HMS Penn:

So started the mad dash through the Straits of Pantaleria to Malta.

When we joined up with the convoy we were ordered to take the place of a cruiser, (quite a compliment to our gunnery), and we steamed up to the head of the screen on the left flank. As we steamed into position, we counted thirteen merchant ships, not bad going so far. We had not been in position two minutes when a terrific explosion shook us from stem to stern, and its echoes had hardly died away, when another, just as loud as the first, followed and then two more. Looking to starboard, we saw a nerve wracking sight.

Two cruisers, the Nigeria and Cairo, an oil tanker and another cargo ship were all hit. The Nigeria was listing heavily and we feared she was going to turn turtle. The Cairo was rapidly sinking by the stern. The oil tanker, well she had been blown clean to hell, and all that remained of her was a large patch of blazing oil and some wreckage. We could hear her crew screaming in agony as they vainly tried to swim through the blazing hell, but we could not help them. Poor devils, we had to just leave them to their fate.

The other merchant man kept afloat, and later was able to get under way again.

We thought we had run into a minefield, but we soon changed our minds when one of the other destroyers suddenly dropped some charges. Two more destroyers followed and then a periscope was sighted. All guns loaded S.A.P. and fired at it, then we turned to port and dropped a pattern of charges. We got him alright, for a large patch of oil came to the surface.

We returned to the Nigeria and Cairo. A destroyer went alongside the Cairo and took off the crew as she had to be abandoned. A skeleton crew was left on the other ship and she got under way and returned to Gib.

We picked up several survivors and returned at full speed to join the convoy, of which eleven ships remained.

It was dusk as we reached the convoy and than came the worst attack of the lot. The torpedo and dive bombers were determined to sink the lot of us.

Tracer and explosive shells were all over the sky. Our own 4″ were firing like the devil. Three more ships went up leaving us silhouetted in the fires they caused, and the attack was being pressed home all the time.

We were just off Sardinia and everything the enemy had was sent out to try and get us. We were in a very precarious position because the fires from the other ships lit up the place like daylight.

We steamed towards one of the crippled ships, the SS Empire Hope and we saw some of her crew struggling in the water and others were in the boats. Lifeless and mutilated objects that had once been men floated past on both sides and our bows struck two corpses as we steamed forward to assist the remaining survivors. Some of our crew shouted to them to hurry up as we all had the jitters by now and we wanted to feel some speed under us.

These survivors all being aboard safely, we turned towards another ship and picked up more survivors. In the distance a tanker was blazing furiously, but as a destroyer was already standing by her, we turned once more to the Empire Hope.

Then came the order ‘All guns with SAP load’ and we fired in all about 16 rounds of semi armour piercing shells into her. This was not enough, so we manoeuvred into position and fired two tin fish into her to sink her so that she would not be a menace to navigation. We then swung round and made a detour round the tanker and then went after the convoy. We could see the tracers going up and guessed that the convoy was being attacked again.

We steamed into battle and opened up on the enemy planes. After this action we contacted one of the ships which appeared to have left the convoy.
We ordered her to follow us. All night through we escorted her until we at last caught up with the convoy again.

Read more of William Cheetham’s story on BBC People’s War.

13 August: Air Attacks: The merchant ship WAIMARAMA explodes after being bombed.

13 August: Air Attacks: The DORSET under air attack. She was eventually sunk on the evening of 13 August.

13 August: The Italian Fleet intervenes: The cruiser MUZIO ATTENDOLO at Naples after UNBROKEN’s attack on 13 August 1942. She was hit by one 21 inch torpedo which blew off her bows. The target’s high speed at the time of the hit is indicated by the way the hull was folded back as far back as the bridge.

13 August: Air Attacks: An aerial torpedo caught in the paravane wire of the PORT CHALMERS. The ship could not slow down to free the torpedo for fear that it would explode against the ship’s side. In the end the whole paravane fitted was ditched and the torpedo exploded harmlessly on the bottom.

13 August: Air Attacks: Damage to the deck of the tanker OHIO sustained when an enemy aircraft crashed on her upper deck.

13 August: Arrival of the first ships at Malta: A Maltese priest watches the MELBOURNE STAR come to her moorings.

HMS Manchester was hit by two torpedoes in the early hours of the 13th August. The fight to keep her afloat had to be abandoned some hours later.

For a full account by Roland Hindmarsh of the action on HMS Manchester, see the Wartime Memories project.


See this letter written on the 13th August 1942 giving an account of the fighting around Rzhev, first published in 2016.

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