The Clydebank Blitz

A German reconnaissance photograph annotated with target markings used by the Luftwaffe for the raid on Clydebank.

In March 1941 Don Macintosh was 18 years old, working as a telephone operator in the police station in Clydebank, the ship building heart of Glasgow. So far the town had been relatively unaffected by the blitz.

The bell rang stridently as a small white light lit over the socket on the exchange board. ‘Control centre here,’ a young woman’s voice announced. ‘Air raid warning yellow. Read back, please.’ ‘Air raid warning yellow. Message received. Over and out.’ I put all the call lights on [each police phone stand had a flashing red call light to show the nearest bobby that there was a message] and shouted to the Sergeant next door.

Five minutes later, ‘Air raid warning purple,’ came through, followed almost immediately by, ‘Air raid warning RED. This is not, repeat NOT, a practice alert.’ The banshee wail of the siren started howling from the fire station across the street and the telephone switchboard lit up like a Christmas tree.

I heard the first faint drone of unsynchronized airplane engines and the bark of heavy Ack-Ack guns [Anti-Aircraft guns] and wondered how simulation had managed to slide so quickly into reality. I took the first call, and a voice shouted, ‘I’ve lost, ma cat! He ran away this mornin’, and ah huvney seen him since.’ ‘Who’s speaking, please?’ I said. ‘Missus McConnell, ahm frae Hamilton Crescent. It’s a big ginger tom,’ she replied, surprised that I didn’t know. ‘Alright, Mrs. McConnell. If it turns up, we’ll let you know,’ I said, and pulled the plug. Silly old bag. She’ll have more than her cat to worry about in a minute.

I plugged hastily into the next socket. ‘P. Campbell here,’ a badly shaken voice answered. ‘Reporting an incident opposite the Thistle Arms at Dalmuir. As far as I can make out six people are badly injured, and two more fatally. The ambulance is here, and I’m going back now to see what I can do.’ I dashed the message down on a scrap of paper.

Suddenly, there was a tremendous burst of gunfire from a naval ship in the shipyard behind, followed by the sound of diesel engines, as a plane flew overhead. Moments later, there was a muffled explosion, followed by a much louder one which shook the building and brought plaster down from the ceiling.

I plugged into the fire station extension and a breathless voice answered. ‘That was the library, it got a direct hit. I’ve sent some of my men to see what’s happened in the control centre underneath. Busy. I’ll call you back.’ [The library, which was only about 20 yards away, had a control center underneath built of concrete, which coordinated necessities and reported directly to government]

Screams like the cry of a nameless beast sounded from the bombs falling directly overhead, and as they reached a crescendo, I waited for the explosion and the end. There were several thumps nearby but no explosion, and Sgt Macleod shouted, ‘It’s incendiaries. They’ve dropped just outside the door. I’m going out to throw sand on them.’
The incendiaries never exploded, but this gave me such a jolt as to put my mind into a higher gear than I ever knew existed. I strove to keep pace with the unending calls and the board in front of me became littered with scribbled messages. In the brief intervals in the bombing when the guns fell silent, an uncanny silence pervaded the building.

There was a dreamlike quality about it, as if the thin crust of reality had given way beneath the town and its people, and we were falling into a nightmare. In one of the lulls I heard voices, and through the doorway of my room I saw four men followed by an elderly Inspector carrying a body covered in a white sheet on a broken-off door into the muster room at the back. This wasn’t the war I read about in the papers, where I was thrilled to read the daily news of the Battle of Britain and our army chasing thousands of Italians across the desert.

The Inspector came into the room, his eyes full of concern and said, in his lilting highland accent, ‘There’s another body to come; it’s a couple who were sheltering under a walkway opposite the library and were blown into the road. The blast stripped them naked, but otherwise there’s not a mark on them. I’ve put them in here for decency’s sake until the van comes for them,’ he sighed quietly, lowering his head, and said, ‘I never thocht ahd see this again. It was bad enough in France, and we never let on, but here. . .’ He shook his head, sadly. ‘Well, ah’lI see if I can dodge my way up the hill. If you contact the men, let them know I’m coming.’

The clock above the switchboard showed 3 am, and I began to think I might live through the night. The firing and bombing slackened, but the calls didn’t, and around 6 am the all clear sounded its steady note. It was finally over.

I took off my tin hat and just sat there in a daze. At the beginning of the shift I had been alone, now the office next door was filled with people in uniform – senior policemen, firemen, kilted officers, nurses and sailors, all waiting to make phone calls.

A young detective came in with a bearded Sub-Lieutenant in half boots, followed by two sailors. ‘Don, this is Lieutenant Graves and his party from the destroyer in Rothesay Dock. He’s an armaments officer. Apparently a 500 pound bomb dropped on the other side of the wall next to this room and failed to go off.’

© Don Macintosh ‘Bomber Pilot’, Browsebooks, 2006. Reproduced with permission.

The experience led Don Macintosh to apply to join the RAF as aircrew and eventually to become a Lancaster bomber pilot. In ‘Bomber Pilot’ he vividly recounts his experiences in raids over France, Holland and Germany as well as the three raids to eliminate the Tirpitz. Bomber Pilot Donald MacIntosh: A Veteran’s First-hand Account of Surviving World War Two as a RAF Bomber Pilot is available from

{ 11 comments… read them below or add one }

Kate shaw November 24, 2017 at 12:21 am

My dads younger sister was killed on 13 th March 1941 during the Clydebank blitz. She was only 22, and I was named after her. Kathleen McAleaney

Peter Elliott July 7, 2017 at 9:09 pm

i was born on 31/03/1937 at 21 maple drive parkhall,we moved to number 88 Riddell Street North Drumry,approx 2/3/years later.

The Night of the blitz we all left our house and climbed down into the anderson shelter in our side garden,( now a car park).it was under ground and covered with earth and grass I would have been four at the time.
Riddell Street was basically a dirt track with fields and two farms on one side and houses as they are today on the other.the story i was told ,the family across our street at the corner of Riddell Street and Clarence Street fell out with there neighbours and built there anderson shelter further back up there garden,alas they were bombed,clothing was scattered onto our garden,and my brothers who arrived home later that night thought it was us.
I am at present writing a story about riddell street as it was then,but cannot find any photographs,i have drawn it out as i remember it.if any one can be of any assistance i would be grateful.yours peter elliott.

Ally Mackenzie February 3, 2016 at 11:56 pm

The comment from Alison regarding her father’s childhood in 2nd street. It was Second Avenue, Radnor Park also known as the holy city because of it flat roofed properties, resembling Jerusalem. It was completely destroyed and did have the highest casualty rate for any street in the Clydebank area. There was one women who lost 8 out of her 9 children. The official fatal casualty figures for Second ave was 80, but the actual number was much, much higher. I do have an album on my facebook page that goes into greater detail for anybody interested.

Ally Mackenzie February 3, 2016 at 11:26 pm

The Clydebank blitz on 13th and 14th March 1941 saw in excess of 450 elite German pathfinder bombers fly over the area during the two nights of bombing. No German bombers were shot down or lost to mechanical failure in the area, as one of comments suggests. This can be confirmed by British and German archives. This was a brutal and well executed raid. The German principal targets were the oil depot at Dalnottar, John Browns shipyard & Rothesay dock and the power station at Yoker. They got all of their principal targets. There was anti-aircraft gun sites but failed miserably and there was no RAF air cover. Begs the question why not? Lot of German parachute mines dropped. Perhaps the parachutes from the mines confused people into thinking that planes had been shot down. Clydebank lay burning for two weeks.

Susanna Gadsby March 13, 2015 at 1:47 pm

My grandparents were caught in the Clydebank blitz. Helen and William Gadsby. She was pregnant with my uncle David, but my father George and his sister Agnes were just toddlers. They lost everything, but each other. It must have been terrifying, my nana in her nightdress trying to get her babies to safety.

Alison March 13, 2015 at 8:56 am

To hear about my dad’s childhood would be so helpful. He lost his entire street he lost so much. I would love to hear from anyone who lived on 2nd street or thereabouts .Blitz survivors pleases get in touch!

Dave Macdonald December 12, 2014 at 6:50 am

I lived on White St., one of my pals was Ian McIntosh who had a brother
Donald . Is this the same family?
I am living in Ontario, just celebrated my 88 birthday and would be delighted
to hear from anyone who knows the author.

Ross Beveridge March 12, 2014 at 11:53 pm

My Dad, John Cron Beveridge, was a medical student awaiting finals and treated many of the dead to make them presentable for identification. He was later Surgeon Lieutenant RNVR and finished WWII in Burma, returning back in 1946. His sister, my aunt Ann, told me he had nightmares on these events for many years after, although he saw much worse in the Burma campain 1944-45.
My mother lived in Blantyre, and told me of spending nights in the Anderson shelter her dad had built in their back yard and hearing and watching the bombing ten miles away in Clydebank.
Dad was later a doctor in Parkhead / Tollcross / Easterhouse then Strachur Argyll, and died in 1996.

Midge Collins March 16, 2013 at 9:33 pm

It has been documented that my great great grandma lost her husband and 8 of her 9 children to one bomb that hit the teniment that they lived in. It was the second biggest loss of one family in Clydebank. I am just glad one survived otherwise I wouldn’t be here!!! It makes you wonder sometimes.

richard price July 8, 2011 at 12:58 pm

On the night of the 13th of Match 1941, at excately 9.00 PM the sirens sounded the Alert (We called the Alert,Moaning Minnie) We(our family and other families) rushed to the Air Raid Shelter located in the back court of our house at 34 Allander St Possilpark on the Northside of Glasgow from where we had a clear view of Clydebank. On a clear day,we could Singer`s Clock so we watched in abject horror at what we saw.
My parents as late teenagers both worked in Singers. Just after midnight returning to our house we looked Westward`s to see Clydebank burning. The night sky was red for miles round. Unforgetable to this day. Wealso saw German bombers being shot down and crashing onto the Campsie hills where they burned for weeks.

Chuck Halverson March 14, 2011 at 8:51 pm

Fascinating read…..Its interesting to read stories about the bliz how it affected the other cities besides London….

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