On the night of the 16th/17th December Bomber Command went back to Berlin yet again. Most of the bombing hit housing and railways rather than industrial sites. Over 700 people were killed, although German records were no longer as accurate as they had been. As many as 279 of those killed were foreign workers, including over 70 when a train received a direct hit. By now around a quarter of housing in Berlin was uninhabitable. Damage to the railways was now starting to cause serious delays to munitions traffic for the Eastern front.
25 Lancasters were lost to fighters and anti aircraft fire over Germany. Worse was to come as the bombers returned to England in the early hours of the 17th to find that many of their airfields were fog bound. The situation became desperate at the planes began to run out of fuel.
Some crews abandoned their aircraft and baled out. More died when their planes crashed on landing. In total 29 planes were lost and 148 men killed. It was the worse single night for such ‘accidental’ losses. No 97 Squadron RAF was the worst hit. Three of their aircraft managed to find Gravely where FIDO – a system for burning off the fog and lighting the runway using large quantities of burning petrol, sprayed from pipes beside the runway – was in operation. For others time ran out too quickly:
21 aircraft detailed to attack Berlin. Good concentration of bombing in early stages falling off later. No results seen only reddish glow. 10/10ths cloud tops 3/5000′, vis good. Defences H/F moderate to 22,000′ and moderate L/F 14,000′ – S/Ls ineffective. Many fighter flares and scarecrow flares. F/L Pelletier in Lanc JA960 was attacked by an enemy fighter JU88 and claims it damaged.
One aircraft, F/L Brill and crew failed to return – no news heard since.
On returning to base aircraft encountered bad visibility over England and the Squadron had a disastrous night in aircraft losses and 28 aircrew being killed.
The following is a brief summary of the return. 8 aircraft landed safely at Bourn and 3 at Graveley. One aircraft landed at Wyton.
F/Sgt Coates after being hit by another aircraft’s incendiaries and having two engines put out of action on the same side by flak, put out a ditching signal when not far from the Danish coast. With great skill he flew the aircraft back on the two engines and landed safely without further damage at Downham Market.
Two crews, P/O Smith and F/O Mooney the captains, baled out safely over Ely and Wyton. All the crews were uninjured but one aircraft is missing and untraced.
S/L Mackenzie DFC crashed at Bourn on the edge of the airfield. Three were killed – S/L Mackenzie, F/O Colson, P/O Pratt, the remainder are either in hospital or sick quarters.
F/O Thackway and crew crashed near Bourn airfield, killing all except Sgt Mack who is in hospital and Sgt Laver who escaped uninjured.
S/L Deverill DFC DFM and crew crashed at Graveley, all being killed except for W/O Benbow who is in Ely hospital.
F/Sgt Scott and crew crashed at Graveley, all being killed.
P/O Kirkwood and crew crashed near Gransden, all being killed.
Total loss of aircraft – 8. Aircrew killed – 28, injured 7.
The story of 97 Squadron was originally available at http://www.firebynight.co.uk/website%20menu.html – FirebyNight.It may be possible to access this from the internet archive.