Lieutenant Horwood draws Japanese fire – earns VC

The Arakan Campaign January 1943 - May 1945: An Indian soldier using smoke grenades to clear Japanese troops from bunkers in the Maungdaw hills.

The Arakan Campaign January 1943 – May 1945: An Indian soldier using smoke grenades to clear Japanese troops from bunkers in the Maungdaw hills.

As the Japanese prepared for a major assault through north Burma into India, the British were attempting a more aggressive approach into occupied Burma. The fighting was conducted in dense jungle where the Japanese strongpoints were well concealed – and they fought to the death. As Mountbatten had learnt when he arrived – the Japanese had never captured a British strongpoint.

As a Sergeant in the 6th Battalion The Queen’s Royal Regiment Alec Horwood had been captured at Dunkirk but had escaped as they were being escorted through Antwerp, for which he was awarded the Distinguished Conduct Medal. After being Commissioned he was attached to the 1st Battalion The Northamptonshire Regiment and he now found himself in the jungle fighting of Burma:

At Kyauchaw on 18th January 1944, Lieutenant Horwood accompanied the forward company of The Northamptonshire Regiment into action against a Japanese defended locality with his forward mortar observation post.

Throughout that day he lay in an exposed position which had been completely bared of cover by concentrated air bombing and effectively shot his own mortars and those of a half troop of another unit while the company was manoeuvring to locate the exact position of the enemy bunkers and machine-gun nests. During the whole of this time Lieutenant Horwood was under intense sniper, machine-gun, and mortar fire, and at night he came back with most valuable information about the enemy.

On 19th January, he moved forward with another company and established an observation post on a precipitous ridge. From here, while under continual fire from the enemy, he directed accurate mortar fire in support of two attacks which were put in during the day. He also carried out a personal reconnaissance along and about the bare ridge, deliberately drawing the enemy fire so that the fresh company which he had led to the position, and which was to carry out an attack, might see the enemy positions.

Lieutenant Horwood remained on the ridge during the night 19th-20th January and on the morning of 20th January shot the mortars again to support a fresh attack by another company put in from the rear of the enemy. He was convinced that the enemy would crack and volunteered to lead the attack planned for that afternoon.

He led this attack with such calm resolute bravery, that the enemy were reached and while standing up in the wire, directing and leading the men with complete disregard to the enemy fire which was then at point blank range, he was mortally wounded.

Portrait of Lieutenant Alec George Horwood VC DCM,  The Queen's Royal West Surrey Regiment, British Army, attached to 1st Battalion, The Northamptonshire Regiment posthumously awarded the Victoria Cross: Burma, 18/20 January 1944.

Portrait of Lieutenant Alec George Horwood VC DCM, The Queen’s Royal West Surrey Regiment, British Army, attached to 1st Battalion, The Northamptonshire Regiment posthumously awarded the Victoria Cross: Burma, 18/20 January 1944.

By his fine example of leadership on the 18th, 19th and 20th January when continually under fire, by his personal example to others of reconnoitering, guiding and bringing up ammunition in addition to his duties at the mortar observation post, all of which were carried out under great physical difficulties and in exposed positions, this officer set the highest example of bravery and devotion to duty which all ranks responded to magnificently.

The cool, calculated actions of this officer, coupled with his magnificent bearing and bravery which culminated in his death on the enemy wire, very largely contributed to the ultimate success of the operation which resulted in the capture of the position on the 24th January.

London Gazette
30th March 1944

An infantry section on patrol in Burma, 1944.

An infantry section on patrol in Burma, 1944.

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