1939

Nov

8

1939

Hitler escapes assassination

Beer cellar after 1939 bomb plot to kill Hitler

Georg Elser had spent some considerable time preparing a time bomb and planting it in one of the beer hall pillars close to where Hitler spoke. Elser was a carpenter by trade and a communist sympathiser, although he was acting alone, motivated solely by his personal convictions about the nature of the regime he was living under. His time bomb was effective, killing eight and wounding sixty people.

Nov

5

1939

The Germans announce a Jewish ghetto in Warsaw

Warsaw had been devastated by the German assault in September.

Proclamations have not yet been posted, but our fate is already known to us. The conqueror has decided to establish a Jewish ghetto, consisting of some ten streets which the 360,000 Jews of Warsaw will be permitted to occupy.

Nov

3

1939

Persecution of Warsaw Jews continues

Household possessions were the next to go, as the Germans went from one Jewish apartment to the next, systematically and according to plan, seizing furniture, appliances, linens. Some people were stripped of everything; others lost only part of their belongings. Under threat of being beaten, they were forced to carry their own property to the waiting cars.

Nov

2

1939

Attacks by the Luftwaffe and strain on the Soviet Union

It is becoming increasingly evident that the Soviet Union is suffering from the strain of partial mobilisation. Train services throughout the country were seriously disorganised, and as late as 19 October normal circumstances had not been resumed. Mobilisation was carried out at very short notice.

Oct

28

1939

First German aircraft brought down on British soil

Thought to have been on a reconnaissance flight and brought down by RAF fighters, out of the crew of four, two were killed and one wounded.

Oct

27

1939

Further anti Jewish bureaucratic measures

“On Sundays all shops, including Jewish ones, will remain closed.”

Oct

26

1939

Luftwaffe planes shot down

‘In Germany many things are unobtainable, chocolate, for example. Everybody is afraid of his neighbour; concentration camps are the lot of those who complain. That is why the country appears to follow its rulers.’

Oct

24

1939

Official harassment of the Jewish population

It is hereby ordered that all shops whose owners are Jews must be kept open on Saturdays too.

Oct

22

1939

Reflections on the 'Maginot Line'

“… historically, purely defensive positions have never held out for long. Or hasn’t the French General Staff read Plutarch?”

Oct

22

1939

U-47 is celebrated in Germany

The sinking of the Royal Oak is a propaganda triumph for the Germans.