August 1942

Aug

8

1942

Japanese counter-attack U.S. Marines on Guadalcanal

Ships maneuvering during the Japanese torpedo plane attack on the Tulagi invasion force, 8 August 1942. Several Japanese Navy Type 1 land attack planes ("Betty") are faintly visible at left, center and right, among the anti-aircraft shell bursts. Destroyer in the foreground appears to be USS Bagley (DD-386) or USS Helm (DD-388). A New Orleans class heavy cruiser is in the left distance, with a large splash beside it. Column of smoke in the left center is probably from a crashed plane.

Hauled ammunition from battery to ammo dump and had an air raid at noon. The USS Elliot, a Marine Transport, was hit by suicide dive bomber. It was very damaged and was beached to keep it from sinking in the harbor. A destroyer was damaged also. There was one Jap plane and prisoners taken during the battle. Wild shooting during the night.

Aug

7

1942

Churchill shakes things up in the desert

Winston Churchill, with Sir Alan Brooke, giving his famous V-for-Victory sign while being driven past a line of troops in Tel-el-Kebir, 9 August 1942. The vehicle is a Morris-Commercial 8cwt truck

After dinner PM, Smuts I had conference as to how the matter should be settled. Had some difficulty. PM rather in favour of Wilson. However Smuts assisted me and telegram now been sent off to Cabinet ordering Montgomery out to take command 8th Army. I hope we get Alexander and Montgomery out soon so that I may settle details of Corps Commanders and Chiefs of Staff with them.

Aug

6

1942

HMCS Assiniboine duels with U-210 in the fog

At one point U-210 came so close that it was impossible for the Canadian destroyer to depress her guns low enough to target her.

U-210’s bridge was first struck by machine gun bullets. HOLST was shot through the neck and killed outright, and KRUMM was badly wounded. An instant later ASSINIBOINE scored a direct hit with her 4.7 gun on the conning tower, the shell making a shambles of the bridge. A prisoner stated that LEMCKE was literally blown to pieces, and that KRUMM, lying wounded, was virtually decapitated. It is assumed that TAMM also suffered a violent death.

Aug

5

1942

Warsaw orphans leave for Treblinka

People  climb up into the freight cars during the deportations from Warsaw.

At last they would be able to exchange the horrible suffocating city walls for meadows of flowers, streams where they could bathe, woods full of berries and mushrooms. He told them to wear their best clothes, and so they came out into the yard, two by two, nicely dressed and in a happy mood. The little column was led by an SS man.

Aug

4

1942

Waiting for the end in the Warsaw ghetto

Jews being deported from the Warsaw ghetto march to the freight trains. Warsaw, Poland, July-September 1942. Courtesy: Leopold Page Photographic Collection,USHMM.

By four in the afternoon, the quota was filled: 13,000 people had been seized and sent off, among them 5,000 who came to the transfer of their own free will. They had had their fill of the ghetto life, which is a life of hunger and fear of death. They escaped from the trap. Would that I could allow myself to do as they did!

Aug

3

1942

Abrupt end to U-335’s first patrol

U boat in the Atlantic, May 1942

Having sighted the U-Boat, “P.247, who was throughout at periscope depth, altered course from 030° to 015° and at 2131-1/2 fired six Mark VIII torpedoes from tubes 1 to 6. It was possible to fire so soon after sighting as all tubes had been kept flooded and firing reservoirs charged throughout the patrol. The torpedoes were fired at seven second intervals, the range of the target then being 2,500 yards.

Aug

2

1942

A pause in the desert war

German artillery in the desert in the summer of 1942.

All quiet, except for intense air activity against my supply lines. I’m thankful for every day’s respite we get. A lot of sickness. Unfortunately many of the older officers are going down now. Even I am feeling very tired and limp, though I have got a chance to look after myself a bit just at the moment.

Aug

1

1942

Spitfires escort bombers over the North Sea

Douglas Boston Mark IIIs of No. 88 Squadron RAF based at Oulton, Norfolk, flying at low level over the North Sea, in order to avoid detection by enemy radar, while on a daylight bombing sortie.

I decided to stay behind it with my section as escort. It was not going very fast and we had to fly in S’s to keep with it. As I passed quite close I saw the engine had been stopped; then I saw the horrid sight of a treacherous little flame still licking the rear of the engine.