bombing

Apr

8

1941

Low level bombing attack on Ijmuiden

One of the dramatic photographs taken during the low level attack on Ijmuiden with bombs falling centre frame.

On two successive days formations of Blenheims attacked the iron and steel works at Ijmuiden, some of the aircraft coming down to 100 feet; direct hits were obtained on buildings which were seen to be severely damaged; the power house, ships and barges in the docks and a railway bridge were also attacked.

Mar

27

1941

The Morrison Shelter is introduced

The Morrison shelter was an indoor cage that was designed to protect the occupants from the debris if the house was hit by a bomb.

As the bombs stirred the ground and the shrapnel clattered down the road we fought a quiet battle of cunning for the bedclothes. Feet touched faces, arms swung across chests, elbows elbowed; snores bubbled and spluttered to be silenced by ostensibly accidental blows; fragments of wild dream-talk escaped from the depths of our private lives. Enmity was closer to the surface during those caged nights than at any other time in our well-mannered lives.

Mar

21

1941

The Plymouth Blitz

Damage at Millbay Station Plymouth during the Blitz

The next morning I had to walk from Freedom Fields to our bungalow in Granby Barracks in Devonport, and it took me three and a half hours. I was walking over the top of houses and things, and the flames were meeting over the streets, and people were crying ‘Oh my sons gone, my daughters gone’. It was just terrible to hear it. You would just try and comfort them some way or another. When I got home, low and behold Mummy’s bungalow was flat.

Mar

15

1941

Clydebank counts the cost

One view of the devastation to the residential areas of Clydeside.

I don’t think it was a successful operation as far as the Germans were concerned, for when you think of the massive amount of bombs dropped there was very little damage done to the war effort industries like the Shipyards and munitions factories along the Clyde. I don’t think the ships being built were seriously damaged and Singers, which was a massive munitions factory and a very big target only sustained the woodyard fire.

Mar

14

1941

Clydeside bombed again

Fires burning fiercely at the height of the bombing of Clydseside, seen from the hills outside the town.

I remember walking along the canal bank with the moon shining brightly once again and lighting up the pathway we could plainly see many fires still burning, a perfect target for the Germans. Then the sirens started up, their wailing sound warning us that the bombers were on their way once more. Some people lay under hedges at the side of the road but we kept on walking towards the open ground.

Mar

12

1941

Focke Wulf factory bombed

One of the photographic interpretation reports made following the Focke Wulf raid after an unarmed Spitfire from the Photographic Reconnaissance Unit overflew the site at high altitude on the 15th. Most of the damage noted is to individual buildings but a series of craters is indicated at 8 and a large crater at 10, top left.

At Bremen, the Focke Wulf airframe factory was heavily attacked, and a long building burst into flames; a hit with a 1,000-lb. bomb was registered in the middle of this target and a terrific explosion ensued. Good fires were also reported to be burning in the industrial area of the town.

Feb

24

1941

Bombing of Brest continues

The twin engined Avro Manchester bomber was not a success, the Vulture engines were unreliable. However its' development led directly to the four engined Lancaster with Merlin engines.

After three consecutive attacks on a lighter scale, over 60 aircraft bombed the docks at Brest on the 24th/25th, and though intense A.A. and searchlight activity hindered accurate observation, many bombs were seen to fall in the dock area and tb straddle the estimated position of the Hipper class cruiser.

Jan

12

1941

Bombing attacks on Italian targets

Wellington bombers

On the night of the 12th/13th, five Wellingtons, also operating from this country, attacked the oil refineries at Venice. One large building was seen to collapse and another was hit by a heavy bomb. The last aircraft reported the target area to be a mass of flames. During these operations a large liner in the vicinity of Venice and hangars and workshops at Padua were machine-gunned.

Jan

11

1941

51 killed in direct hit on Bank Station

Bomb crater in the middle of the City of London

It was initially thought that 35 people had died, mainly those in the booking hall immediately under the impact of the bomb. As the rescue and recovery work continued it became apparent that the blast had travelled down the escalators and stairs, killing people in its path as well as people on the platforms deep underground.

Jan

7

1941

Daylight raids around Britain

A Heinkel He III navigator locates the target site during a daylight raid, early 1941.

On the 7th January, during the most extensive daylight raiding that we have known for some weeks, London was raided intermittently for three and a half hours, and bombs were dropped in fifteen districts. On the same day many incidents were reported from East Anglia and the Home Counties, and one from Coventry.