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The Lutzow torpedoed by Coastal Command

Flight Sergeant Ray Loveitt, second from left, flew the only aircraft to locate the Lutzow and torpedo her. This subsequent publicity shot shows his crew - from left Flight Sergeants C.T. Downing, A.H. Morris and P. Wallace-Pannell.

The German ‘pocket battleship’ or heavy cruiser the Deutschland had been renamed the Lutzow by Hitler, fearing the symbolic meaning that losing a ship called the Deutschland might have. A year earlier she had been [permalink id=4251 text=”torpedoed by the submarine HMS Spearfish”].

The movement of the Lutzow to sea had been discovered as a result of an Enigma decrypt. Following this intelligence Blenheim aircraft were despatched to locate the Lutzow more precisely. They were instructed not to reveal themselves if at all possible, so as not compromise the torpedo planes to follow. Sergeant Pilot T. N. Staples describes how the ship was found just after midnight on the 12th:

My navigator, with his sea-going experience, was convinced that the battleship and its escort would not be found in the coastal shipping lane just a few miles offshore but was more likely to be sailing in open waters further out to sea. I respected his judgment, and we began our search flying parallel to the coast about 25n.m. out to sea.

We flew this south-easterly course until we had almost reached the end of our patrol line, and I was beginning to wonder if we had done right in being so far out to sea when I saw ahead of me a float plane heading towards the land. I should have connected it with the presence of the enemy ships but I did not and my initial reaction was to attack it. Bearing in mind the purpose of our reconnaissance, this would have been a mistake; but given a few moments to think about it, I am sure I would have reached that conclusion and would have turned to fly back up the coast to continue the search closer inshore.

By a stroke of good fortune, combined with my navigator’s good judgement, the situation resolved itself before I had time to think any more about the float plane. Ahead, and slightly to starboard, the pocket battleship and its escort of five destroyers – two either side and one ahead – suddenly came into view, with fighters overhead. The ships were not much more than a mile away. As I turned away to port I entered the low cloud for concealment and alerted my wireless operator/air gunner to the job ahead of transmitting our sighting report. To do this he had to lower himself from his turret to operate his set in the fuselage to the rear of his position and wind out a trailing aerial!

His full account used to be available at pewteraircraft. It may be possible to access this from the Internet Archive – https://archive.org.

The way was now open for Loveitt’s successful torpedo attack in a Beaufort [see comment below] at 2.18am on the 13th:

Following the sighting by a Coastal Command Blenheim, at about midnight on the 12th, of enemy naval units off the coast of Norway, twenty aircraft of the same Command were despatched to attack this force, which consisted of one pocket battleship (possibly the Lutzow) and five destroyers with air escort.

One aircraft scored a hit with a torpedo amidships on the battleship, and a second aircraft claimed a hit, though the result of its attack was not seen owing to the smoke which surrounded the target.

The enemy force was subsequently shadowed by other aircraft until, on the afternoon of the following day, it was reported approximately 35 miles north-west of the Skaw (Skagerrak). One Beaufort was lost in these operations. The battleship was protected on its retreat by Me. 110’s sent from North-West Germany for the purpose.

From the Air Situation Report for the week see TNA CAB 66/17/9.

Although the Situation Reports were Secret and only circulated at the highest levels, they still concealed some matters – by claiming that the aircraft had simply been spotted at sea – there was no mention of the Enigma decrypt.

As mentioned in the comments below the books of Roy Conyers Nesbit are an excellent source of information about RAF Coastal Command.

The Deutschland before the war, the 12,000 ton 'pocket battleship' was less than a third of the tonnage of a full battleship, with 11 inch guns rather than the 15 inch on ships like the Bismarck.

4 thoughts on “The Lutzow torpedoed by Coastal Command”

  1. Dear Editor, The answer to your query, from RAF Coastal Command Losses of the Second World War (Volume 1, Midland Counties 2003), as recorded:
    12 June 1941
    22 Sqn Beaufort I W6521. OA-B. Op: Shipping Strike
    SLdr E Culverwell 33235. KIA. Base: Wick
    P/O A W Robson. 88703. KIA. T/o time: 23:50
    Sgt R Kirkham. 950127. KIA
    Sgt E Shackleton. 950261. KIA
    Failed to return from a shipping strike to Stavanger (search of the Norwegian coast for the
    Lutzow). Believed shot down by Ltn Wienhusen off the Norwegian coast. S/Ldr ‘Eddie’
    Culverwell and his crew are commemorated on the Runnymede Memorial.

    Coastal Command Beaufort losses in 1941-42 both in home waters and in Malta were terrible, perhaps the worst across all RAF commands in the entire war. For those wishing to better understand what the crews confronted, there are several highly recommended books and articles by survivor Roy Conyers Nesbit who thankfully lived to a ripe old age.

    Many thanks for keeping this wonderful website up and running.

  2. @Michael
    The Air Situation Report was the weekly summary document for the War Cabinet. These rarely, if ever, mentioned individuals. It would be interesting to know if anyone’s research has uncovered the names of the crew lost on this operation?

  3. This was a great achievement but it is disappointing that there is no credit of the names of the crew of the “lost” plane. Who gave their life’s in this operation.

  4. The aircraft used by Ray Loveitt and his crew against Lutzow on 13 June 1941, was a Beaufort (W for ‘Wreck’) rather than a Beaufighter as mentioned in the article.
    See this publicity picture taken of the aircraft and crew.

    By coincidence I just started to read ‘the Shipbusters’ by Ralph Barker that starts with this torpedoattack on Lutzow and includes another picture of the crew and Beaufort

    Nice website though, very interesting.

    Jos Hoes

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